Achieve Your Skill Goals

              The skill standards movement has emerged from a conviction that technology and market changes have caused significant modifications in the types of skills and behaviors needed by workers on-the-job. This conviction has motivated a broad education reform movement that involves changes in curriculum and pedagogy and seeks to tie education more closely to the emerging needs of the workplace. Industry-based skill standards are believed to be a crucial component of that movement. advocates not only argue that skill standards will strengthen the educational system but that they will also become a critical part Read more

Advance Skill

               Advances in technology and new levels of automation have had many effects in operational settings. There have been positive effects from both an economic and a safety point of view. Unfortunately, operational experience, field research, simulation studies, incidents, and occasionally accidents have shown that newand surprising problems have arisen as well. Breakdowns that involve the interaction of operators and computer-based automated systems are a notable and dreadful path to failure in these complex work environments. Over the years, Human Factors investigators have studied many of the “natural experiments” in human-automation cooperation – observing the consequences in cases where an organization Read more

Skill equipment

                   All too often, new technologies are introduced into the workplace without sufficient planning for their implications for the workforce. To the extent that businesses do plan for these implications, their approach is often governed by two related myths—the idiot-proofing myth and the deskilling myth. In each, technology plays a heroic role, rescuing efficiency from a workforce presumed to be unreliable. In the idiot-proofing myth, the hero is a machine so perfect that it is immune from the limitations of its users. System design based on this perspective is more concerned with Read more

Hard Skill

                       Based on this literature, the current paper examines the impacts of job skill types (cognitive or “hard” skills and non-cognitive or “soft” skills) on the black/white pay differentials and occupational choices. Our theoretical analysis derives two main hypotheses. First, the more intensively “soft” skills are used in an occupation, the greater the racial income gap is there in that occupation. In other words, the racial income gap of an occupation depends on its relative requirement of “soft” skills versus “hard” skills. Second, in response to differential discrimination across occupations Read more