Beforehand, there was an old saying, “you are what you eat”. Nowadays, it may sound very cliché but as a matter of fact, food has brought a significant impact for human’s civilization throughout millennia. This significance is proven by the comparison between existence of Homo habilis – Handy Man, the first skilled human 2.3 – 1.4 million years ago and Homo sapiens – us, Modern Human. Throughout these human evolution phases are shown that human’s organs remain the same with the exception on brain’s volume
This development has brought human into inventions of technologies that were meant to ease their life. As most eras offer to its society, benefits and drawbacks, our era offers things in timely convenience – something instant as benefits. However, something instant – something that is output oriented would tend to create a long-term problem. In this case, the technologies that our society has been developing would include food in its scope.
The results of food technologies are artificial food preservatives and additives. This development indeed solves many time-based-problems and even change people’s dietetic behavior from one part of the world to another. It eliminates the problem of seasonality, it prolongs food shelf life yet maintain original flavor of any food product and it shortens production time. These product developments mostly come in instant food packages. They are widely spread available; moreover, they are widely spread consumed – continuously. As it has been mentioned before, there will be drawbacks occurred. The most visible drawback is human body deficiencies and diseases in long-term period (McCann).
From the information above can be assumed that food plays a very important role as a part of human development. This, of course refers to a good food consumption behavior. As a reaction, years of efforts has been pushed and developed to overcome and prevent further impacts from these artificial substances’ drawbacks. Moreover, just like how humans can survive for centuries, they solve problems intelligently.
Among various solutions and answers of this problem, Food Combining Method (FCM) came along the way in it uniqueness. Dr. William Howard Hay originally invented it in 1920, but in Indonesia it has been modified and popularized by Mrs. Andang Gunawan. The uniqueness of Mrs. Andang Gunawan method offers is the unnecessarily need to calculate calories and even cut down meal’s portion since this method depends on natural
digestion system. This uniqueness is distinct from other FCM. Thus, the very need things to do are just know when to eat and what to eat (Gunawan). Furthermore, this study will elaborate the proper dietetic behavior that has been adjusted according to human’s digestion cycle. The results are human body will reach its ideal weight and maintain its health and wellness by itself.
FOOD COMBINING METHOD (FCM) DEFINITION & PERSPECTIVES
FCM is originally a natural dietetic behavior that comes from Essen people who lived in Ruhr valley approximately 2,000 years ago (Gunawan). Scientifically, this method is an evolution from studies of the gastric physiology and the actions of gastric juices and enzymes. It was first developed by Dr. William Howard Hay in 1920s into a dietetic method.
In simple, this method is actually about selecting food carefully to be consumed in order carbohydrate and protein foods are not consumed together in order to get an effective digestion. Basically, mixing certain foods together can cause health issues because different foods require different environments for proper digestion. Mixing carbohydrates and protein together causes the alkaline and acid juices to be neutralized by each other, which greatly increases the time it takes for the food to digest (Matsen, 2008).
FCM takes advantages from human’s natural digestion system and foods’ acid-base category as its dietetic perspectives. So, FCM process is about to know when and what to eat. Through extensive research on human’s physiological cycle, it has been found that every part of human body has biological activities that works systematically 24 hours nonstop.
The digestion process itself has 3 stages based on 3 (three) digestion functions; disposal cycle, absorbing cycle and digesting cycle. Although these functions work simultaneously, each of these functions works more intensive than in other functions in every 8 hours. At nighttime our energy is focused mainly for absorbing cycle. Thus it is obvious that having supper will not bring any good for human’s body and will disrupt body metabolism (Smith).
• Absorbing cycle, it works intensively between 20.00 and 04.00. During this cycle, the
digested foods are being absorbed and distributed evenly to every part of human’s body.