How big is the problem?

              MSDs are the work-related health problem with the highest impact on sickness absenteeism in Europe; they are the cause of half of all absences from work and cost the EU €240 billion each year in productivity losses (Fit for Work Europe 2013). MSDs are also the work-related health problem with the highest impact on permanent incapacity; 61% of permanent incapacity is due to MSDs (OSHA 2007). Forty-four million workers across the EU have an MSD caused by their work, 30% of those with MSDs also have depression, making it even more difficult for Read more

What is ergonomics/human factors?

                  For many people, the word ergonomic is associated primarily with comfy office chairs, the correct labeled “ergonomic”, like kitchenware, backpacks or gardening tools. The word itself comes from the Greek roots ergon (work)and nomos (laws)androughlytranslatesto“th scienceofwork”,focusingonhumanactivity. The purpose of production ergonomics               It can be assumed that anyone in charge of a production system would want all of its sub-components to function together with as much ease and efficiency as possible. When part of that production system is human, the performance of the system as Read more

Basic Anatomy and Physiology

             Our ability to work – in any way – is completely dependent on our physical health. When we feel unease, discomfort, pain or numbness, we may be able to ignore the body’s warning signals and still perform work, but the body will perform slower; with less power, quality and precision; with more errors; and at worst, resulting in serious accidents. A very real problem that is faced by all productio industry is when the limit has been passed for what a human body can tolerate, resulting in a worke needing to go on sick Read more


                  When the different functional tissues of the locomotive system work together, the body generates movement. The study of human movement is known as kinesiology. There is some useful standard terminology that is used in medical science to describe different types of movement, in terms of directions and orientation. Most human movements consist of bending or twisting motions that change the joint angles between different body segments. Some movements are coupled, in the sense that pairs of muscles work against each other to “do and undo” each other’s respective movements (for example, bending Read more


                Why do i need to know this as an engineer sometimes a bit of history goes a long way to explain why certain things in a discipline are considered important. For an engineer it may be good to know what the starting point was before any real thought was put into methodically improving the human aspects of production work. It will also help you understand why ergonomics covers so many areas and is such a diverse and complex discipline. The discipline of ergonomics is not nearly as old as medicine or even Read more

The Technological Environment

              The effect of modern technology are pervasive-both in business and in self behavior. In many part whole generation modern technology skipped over. For example many people go straight to a digital phone without ever having had their houses wired under the analog system. Even in a remote village such as in barrio, malasya –still lacking many traditional roads an-information highway is underway.               Advanced technology information well as other factors that are opening up borders- the opening of the berlin wall netscape workflow outsourcing, offshoring, open-sourcing, insourcing, Read more